50 proposals made at ‘Reage, Rio!’ to turn things around
In two days of debates, “Reage, Rio!” outlines ways for the government to turn things around, finding a way to change the pattern of violence, resume the pace of economic growth, improve the circulation of people and ensure institutional transparency and efficiency. The five dozen concrete suggestions in the areas of security, urban mobility, economics, public policies (education and health), ethics and tourism were analyzed by a team of reporters, who’ve suggested what needs to be done to get them off the drawing board and actually implemented. In the proposals [link at the bottom], the reader can find links with the respective reports or videos of the seminar.
Some of the suggestions depend on the approval of constitutional amendments or ordinary laws; others, on public investment. There are still those that need isolated or joint actions from the federal, state and city governments.
O Globo and Extra will follow the progress of each idea presented by experts, businessmen and representatives of the public sector and civil society, and the result of this verification will be published in both newspapers.
[DR Note: to save you time, note that the Implementation plan that follows each Proposal is usually some variation of, “it depends on the government”, which speaks for itself. The breakdown below is as follows: 1 – 10 (Security), 11 – 20 (Economy), 21 – 27 (Tourism), 28 – 33 (Urban Mobility), 34 – 39 (Public Policies), 40 – 50 (Ethics)]
Torquato Jardim, Minister of Justice:
Proposal: Reaffirm the agreement with the government to safely fight crimes in general, with an emphasis on giving more room for municipal participation and re-equipping the Military Police.
Implementation: It depends on amending the Constitution to change competencies in the area of public security. There is a PEC [Stability & Growth Pact] regarding this in the House of Representatives.
Proposal: Operational integration with technology (more drones, satellites and computers), starting at the border.
Implementation: It depends on planned investments in the Budget created by the federal government and approved by Congress.
Proposal: Create a single system for public safety, in the mold of the SUS [Unified Health System], with a division of tasks and without .
Implementation: It depends on the approval of a Constitutional amendment or ordinary law in Congress.
Proposal: Institutionalize the National Public Security Force.
Implementation: It depends on the approval of a Constitutional amendment in Congress. Until now at least two proposals haven’t gone forward.
Robson Rodrigues, Military Police Coronel & ex-UPP Coordinator:
Proposal: Invest in intelligence to investigate drug trafficking, efficiency and creativity to recover and optimize resources, in addition to having priorities and an action plan.
Implementation: It depends on the actions of the federal and state governments, and on the reallocation of resources towards the intelligence sector.
Michele dos Ramos, from the Igarapé Institute:
Proposal: Prioritize the prevention and investigation of life-threatening crimes, with strategies focused on groups, places and behaviors that are more vulnerable to violence. Prioritize evidence-based and results-oriented policies.
Implementation: State government action to prioritize the Civil Police investigation sector and prevention through the Military Police.
Proposal: Qualified repression and modernization of criminal and penitentiary policy.
Implementation: Qualified repression depends on the intelligence sector. And the modernization of the criminal and penitentiary policy, on change in the National Plan of National and Penitentiary Policy, made by a council of the same name from the Ministry of Justice.
Proposal: Discuss the problem of drug use as a public health issue, review drug policy and consolidate responsible regulation of weapons and ammunition.
Implementation: The decriminalization of drugs, or just marijuana, can be done by Congress or by the Federal Supreme Court. The consolidation of the regulation of arms, provided for in the Disarmament Statute, depends on Congress.
Proposal: Disseminate data and information on public policies and programs that work.
Implementation: It depends on joint action between states and the federal government.
Hugo Acero, expert in security and sociology:
Proposal: Increased cooperation among countries in the fight against major mafias, not only drug trafficking, but also trafficking of people, smuggling, the illegal arms trade and terrorism.
Implementation: Cooperation between countries may be promulgated by decree from the President of the Republic, after the policy is drafted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Mauro Osório, President of the Pereira Passos Institute:
Proposal: Make a pension reform.
Implementation: There is already a proposal awaiting voting in the House. It is PEC 287/16. In May, the state also approved the 14% increase in social security contribution for public servants.
Proposal: Increase revenue and discuss the collection of ICMS tax at the destination and the Kandir Law (which exempts taxes on exports).
Implementation: By decision of the STF, a commission in Congress is already discussing a change in the Kandir Law. A change in ICMS tax only on the destination of the product (especially oil) depends on the Union’s articulation with all 27 federative units.
Proposal: Establish a policy for territorialized budgets.
Implementation: It depends on the planning of city hall and the approval of the budget law by the House.
Proposal: Sanitize and clean Guanabara Bay.
Implementation: The proposal has been in place since 2012, but has not solved the problem and is threatened by the economic crisis. It’s the Environmental Sanitation Program of the Cities in the Area Around the Bay, created by CEDAE, which may be privatized.
Proposal: Integrate the capital with the interior, and make the city of Rio de Janeiro into a regional economic hub.
Implementation: Integration depends on joint action by city halls and state government.
David Zylbersztajn, partner at DZ Negócios and ex-director of the National Agency of Petroleum (ANP)
Proposal: Stimulate entrepreneurship and reduce bureaucracy.
Implementation: It depends on the action of the city and state power spheres. Since 2015, Rio’s city hall has the Rio + Fácil program, which reduces bureaucracy to open companies. The program can be extended.
Proposal: Invest in a modern, post-oil, low-carbon economy, and in Rio’s vocations (tourism, hospitality, entertainment).
Implementation: The city already has incentive programs for the modern economy, such as RioCriativo and StartupRio. They could be expanded.
Proposal: Create tourism incentive laws and a tourism training school in Rio de Janeiro.
Implementation: Laws to encourage tourism can be created by Alerj, the City Council, the Executive branch or as proposals from civil society. The creation of a tourism training school would also depend on municipal or state initiative, and could be done in partnership with the private sector.
Christino Áureo, State Secretary of the Civil Office and Economic Development:
Proposal: Create a fiscal recovery plan, with impacts for the next six years, foreseeing a R$53.6 billion revenue increase and R$25 billion reduction in expenses, in addition to the suspension of the payment of public debt.
Implementation: The State of Rio and the Union have scheduled the approval of the State Tax Recovery Regime for this week. The state will also receive clearance to take out bank loans, which will allow, for example, the auction that will use Cedae shares as a guarantee. The state expects to obtain up to R$3.5 billion from the operation.
Proposal: Review laws that only affect the State of Rio in relation to ICMS and environmental taxes, to ease investors’ minds and make the environment less adverse for those who invest in Rio.
Implementation: The change in the environmental licensing fee and ICMS may occur at the initiative of the state government. Changes in the rate of control and environmental inspection at the federal and state levels already go through the Legislature.
Roberto Medina, businessman and President of Rock in Rio:
Proposal: Highlight R$200 million of the R$1.3 billion in federal government investment in events to privilege Rio and create the “Rio de Janeiro a Janeiro” calendar of events.
Implementation: The investment has already been announced by the Ministry of Culture. An Embratur ordinance, which will be published by Monday, will create a calendar of 150 cultural, sports and tourism events in the State of Rio, which should receive a contribution of R$200 million.
Bruno Marques, President of the Cataratas group, AquaRio:
Proposal: Reform Rio Zoo to strengthen tourism.
Implementation: It’s already in progress. The city of Rio made a bid to cede the administration of Rio Zoo to the Cataratas Group, which is renovating the site for R$80 million.
Paulo Michel, Vice President of ABIH / RJ:
Proposal: Treat tourism as an economic activity. Teach tourism while in school.
Implementation: It depends on change in the National Curriculum. There is a proposal drawn up by the Ministry of Education, which is in its third version, and citizens can suggest changes at public hearings.
Proposal: Create experiences for tourists.
Implementation: At the city level, experiences in tourism compete with Riotur and the Secretary of Public Order (Seop), which grants a license for new events, registered in the Carioca Digital portal.
Proposal: Bureaucratize the granting of licenses to attract new events.
Implementation: To de-bureaucratize bureaucracy, at the city level, has to be an initiative of the Municipal Secretariat of Public Order (Seop), responsible for granting permits.
Proposal: To guarantee ostensible security in areas of touristic interest.
Implementation: There are already projects financed by Fecomércio, the state and city government, such as Operação Presente, which operates in Lapa, Lagoa, Méier, Aterro and Centro.
Proposal: Establish more flexible rules for granting visas to foreign tourists and strengthen advertising abroad.
Implementation: They can be implemented by an interim measure, signed by the President, or by a change in the Migration Law.
Guilherme Ramalho, President of Metrô:
Proposal: Optimize the already-installed transport network, since there are bus lines overlapping with the BRT, train and subway.
Implementation: Joint action of the city halls in the Metropolitan Region of Rio and the State Secretary of Transportation.
Proposal: Create a metropolitan authority to oversee and plan the transportation system as a whole.
Implementation: Approval of Bill No. 10, from 2015, which creates a metropolitan agency, being considered by Alerj.
Proposal: Create sustainable financing solutions, such as urban tolls, to subsidize tariffs, and the expansion of public transportation.
Implementation: Integration between city, state and federal government, and bill approval at the city or state level.
Paulo Cezar Ribeiro, from Coppe/UFRJ:
Proposal: Reorganize Rio’s urban transport before the economy resumes, to avoid bottlenecks in urban mobility. Improve the traffic light system and review the city’s horizontal and vertical signs.
Implementation: Actions by the city hall through the Company of Rio Traffic Engineering (CET-Rio).
Vicente Loureiro, Executive Director of Câmara Metropolitana:
Proposal: Plan the physical and tariff-based integration of urban transport.
Implementation: Actions from the State Secretary of Transport, or through the Strategic Development Plan of the Rio Metropolitan Region which will be submitted to Alerj.
Proposal: Stimulate regional economic growth to unlock the transport system. Establish policies of employment opportunities distributed by region.
Implementation: Approve the Strategic Development Plan of the Rio Metropolitan Region, which will be submitted to Alerj, and changes in the incentive law to strengthen the economy in strategic regions.
César Benjamin, City Secretary of Education:
Proposal: Implement a combined process of qualitative and quantitative assessments in the city’s education network.
Implementation: It depends on a decree.
Proposal: Eliminate functional illiteracy in the city network, starting in 2018, setting up a team of two thousand literacy teachers.
Implementation: Taking into account that city hall is prohibited by the Law of Fiscal Responsibility to promote entry exams or hire staff, the secretary will need to relocate teachers in the network.
Claudia Costin, expert in public administration and former City Secretary of Education:
Proposal: Create alternatives so that students do not stop studying when their schools close because of violence. A plan “b” could come in the form of an activity book, which the student would take home.
Implementation: It depends on administrative action from the Education Department, which would prepare, print and distribute the notebooks.
Proposal: Develop strategies to comply with the Incheon Declaration, of which Brazil is a signatory, which establishes, among other goals, ensuring inclusive, equitable and quality education, as well as promoting lifelong learning opportunities for all.
Implementation: The City Department of Education already published, in the Official Gazette, a schedule and budget for its goals. The implementation of the projects, however, runs up against the city’s budget issues.
Vilma Guimarães, general manager of education at the Roberto Marinho Foundation:
Proposal: Replicate positive experiences in the teaching network, universalizing practical units that were successful in certain schools.
Implementation: Detecting and replicating good practices in the network depends on administrative acts by the city and state education networks.
Márcio Maranhão, thoracic surgeon, health management expert and author of “Sob Pressão”:
Proposal: Create a governance mechanism in the public health sector based on accountability, equity, sustainability and transparency.
Implementation: The National Audit Department exercises audit and specialized inspection activities within SUS. To change or create a new analytical tool in SUS, it would be necessary to approve a complementary law.
Eduardo Gussem, Rio’s Attorney General:
Proposal: Create a committee with the presence of representatives of the Judiciary, Legislative and Executive, Public Prosecutor’s Office, Public Defender’s Office, state and city court, OAB, business, press and other sectors of civil society.
Implementation: It depends on the participation and interest of these sectors.
Felipe Saboya, Ethos Institute:
Proposal: Make public purchases more transparent and with more modern control.
Implementation: Change the Bidding Law in Congress and provide for new control mechanisms.
Proposal: Change the criteria for choosing members of audit courts to restrict the political influence of nominations.
Implementation: It depends on changing federal and state legislations, which adopt different criteria for electing members of these courts.
Proposal: Make the city, state and federal budgets more transparent and with greater popular participation.
Implementation: It’s necessary to review budgetary elaboration processes in the three administrative spheres, modifying Executive and Legislative norms.
Proposal: Hold more public hearings to consult the population before making decisions.
Implementation: Include a device, by constitutional amendment, that generalizes the obligation of public hearings, which today are restricted to some areas.
Proposal: Summon the population more consistently to decide on issues through plebiscites and referendums.
Implementation: Change law 9.709, from 1998, to simplify the convocation of plebiscites and referendums and to increase the possibilities of convocation.
Proposal: Include a “compliance” clause in contracts between companies and public authorities.
Implementation: Change the Bidding Law to include the requirement for public contracting. Government authorities could also adopt this practice by signing contracts.
Proposal: Implement a political reform to ensure greater participation of women and cheapen the cost of election campaigns.
Implementation: Requires constitutional amendment to create a female quota. To lessen the cost of campaigns, Congress must change the law governing the operation of campaigning.
Fernando Gabeira, journalist and former Congressman:
Proposal: Make public contracting through insurers, which could make construction less susceptible to corruption and delays.
Implementation: The House is already negotiating a proposal to amend the Bidding Law and force the contracting of insurance for 100% of the construction that is government contracted.
Proposal: Separate the elections of the Legislative and the Executive, so that the mayor, governor and president have greater parliamentary support.
Implementation: Approve a constitutional amendment to separate the elections.
Miro Teixeira, congressman for the Rio Sustainability Network:
Proposal: Change the internal control system of the ministries, so that the portfolio holder does not choose who will control management.
Implementation: The Head of the Executive can determine, for example, that only auditors of the Federal Audit Office or the Office of the Comptroller General of the Union have the function of controlling expenditure.