While looking through a Revista da Semana from the 1940s, I happened across an article from a Rev. Daniel Kidder, who was a missionary in Brazil in the mid-1800s. He happened to write a few books about his experiences, much of which doesn’t seem to focus on religion (according to my cursory glance). Generally, he seems to describe all the sights and sounds he encounters, which allows for the reader to be transported back two centuries. With Rio de Janeiro as the seat of the government and the capital, several of the 27 chapters in his roughly 600-page book, Brazil and the Brazilians, focuses on his time there.
If you’d like to read it, you can do so for free at the Internet Archive where there are several file formats one can chose from. If nothing else, take a look through a bit of the table of contents below.
And, also, a snippet from Chapter 2: