Since the 18th century, cariocas have endured a lack of space and so they’ve pushed the city to the West. Initially, Rio was divided not into neighborhoods, but into parishes that were areas attended to by the parish churches. Being that sacraments were used as civil registries, they ended up becoming (aside from ecclesiastic divisions) administrative demarcations as well. The concept of the neighborhood, in Rio, only started appearing from 1830 and onwards, as the parishes would only lose their referencial importance 100 years later.
Up until 1870, the urban parishes were as follows:
- SÃO CRISTÓVÃO: corresponding to pracitcally the same territory as the current neighborhood;
- SANTANA: Cidade Nova and Santo Cristo;
- SANTA RITA: Gamboa and Saúde;
- Nossa Senhora da CANDELÁRIA: the region of the current Praça Mauá;
- SACRAMENTO: the inner part of Centro, like Praça Tiradentes, Saara and Cruz Vermelha;
- SÃO JOSÉ: Castelo;
- SANTA LUZIA: Castelo, Misericórdia, Cinelândia;
- SANTO ANTONIO: Largo da Carioca, Lapa and Bairro de Fátima;
- Divino ESPÍRITO SANTO: parts of Estácio and Catumbi;
- São Francisco Xavier do ENGENHO VELHO: Tijuca, Maracanã, Vila Isabel, Grajaú and Rio Comprido;
- Nossa Senhora da GLÓRIA: Cosme Velho, Laranjeiras, Catete, Glória and Flamengo;
- São João Baptista da LAGOA: Botafogo, Humaitá, Copacabana and Leme;
Nossa Senhora da Conceição da GÁVEA: Jardim Botânico, Gávea, Lagoa, Ipanema, Leblon, São Conrado, Joá.